Volume 5, Article 20

Volume 5, Article 20

Bells of Presence: A brief Intervention inviting Mindfulness into our Daily Life
Kira Schlegel, Dr Itai Ivtzan and Dr Marina Dorian

Citation: Schlegel, K., Ivtzan, I., & Dorian, M. (2021). Bells of Presence: A brief intervention inviting Mindfulness into our daily life. European Journal of Applied Positive Psychology, 5, 20, 1-12. https://www.nationalwellbeingservice.org/volumes/volume-5-2021/volume-5-article-20/

Processing dates: Submitted 15th June 2021; Resubmitted 15th September 2021; Accepted 5th October 2021;Published 8th December 2021

Volume 5, Article 20


Objectives: Mindfulness has become a main topic in Positive Psychology, as well as other disciplines, due to its effect on numerous positive outcomes, such as wellbeing and stress reduction. Many different mindfulness-based interventions have emerged in the last decades, however, to this point there is limited literature available for brief mindfulness-based practices that can be easily integrated into people’s daily life. To address this gap in research, this study is going to examine the Mindfulness Bell, which offers individuals an opportunity to focus on the present through an audible notification at random moments during the day.

Methodology: The study made use of an existing smartphone application, instructing participants to bring their attention to the sound of the bell, their breath, and their current activity at six random times each day. A two-week repeated-measures design was applied to measure effects of the Mindfulness Bell on participants’ (N = 21) levels of mindfulness, both subjective and psychological wellbeing, and stress.

Results: A statistically significant correlation was found between the Mindfulness Bell intervention and levels of mindfulness, subjective wellbeing and psychological wellbeing. No significant correlation was found for stress.

Discussion: As a mediator of positive wellbeing outcomes, mindfulness is related to environmental mastery, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. Research shows that the length of the study and the level of mindfulness experience affected the success of the intervention.

Conclusion: This paper reveals insight on the importance of engaging with the mindfulness concept and outlines what scholars need to consider when creating mindfulness-based interventions.

Keywords: Mindfulness, Mindfulness-Based Intervention, Mindfulness Bell, Subjective Wellbeing, Psychological Wellbeing, Stress

EJAPP 5-20

Kira Schlegel is with the University of East London, UK

Dr. Itai Ivtzan is with the Naropa University, Boulder, Colorado, USA

Dr. Marina Dorian is with the Naropa University, Boulder, Colorado, USA