Volume 8, Article 5

Enhancing Parental Wellbeing: The Effects of a Character Strengths Intervention on Parental Wellbeing, Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction and Stress
Nelianne Devexhiu and Ayse Burcin Baskurt

Citation: Devexhiu, N., & Baskurt, A. B. (2024). Enhancing Parental Wellbeing: The Effects of a Character Strengths Intervention on Parental Wellbeing, Self-Efficacy, Satisfaction and Stress. European Journal of Applied Positive Psychology, 8, 5, 1-13. https://www.nationalwellbeingservice.org/volumes/volume-8-2024/volume-8-article-5/

Processing dates: Submitted 22 November 2023; Resubmitted 19 January 2024; Accepted 16 February 2024; Published 10 June 2024

Volume 8, Article 5


Background: Parental wellbeing is key to flourishing families, yet research into how to enhance parental wellbeing is limited. Character strengths interventions have been shown to be  successful with general adult samples, but research into parental strength deployment is scarce. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a two-week, self-administered character strengths intervention on four components of parental wellbeing.

Methods: A within-subject repeated measures design was used to explore the effect of the intervention on the self-reported subjective wellbeing, self-efficacy, satisfaction, and stress of parents. No control group was used. The sample for this quasi-experimental study consisted of 31 parents of primary-school-aged children from the general population, recruited primarily in the UK.

Results: Participants experienced a statistically significant increase in parental wellbeing and self-efficacy, but no significant reduction in parental stress. Parental satisfaction was high at both pre- and post-intervention, and the increase at post-intervention was small yet statistically significant. As expected, parents with low baseline self-efficacy experienced a greater increase in self-efficacy post-intervention than parents with high baseline self-efficacy. However, baseline self-efficacy levels did not affect the increase in wellbeing participants experienced.

Discussion: This study suggests that self-administered character strengths interventions can achieve positive effects in a parenting context, as they can enhance the subjective wellbeing,
satisfaction and self-efficacy of parents.

Conclusion: The findings inform researchers and practitioners about the capacity of self-administered
character strengths interventions to promote the wellbeing and self-efficacy of
parents from the general population, thus highlighting this as a worthwhile area of further study.
Keywords: parental wellbeing, self-efficacy, character strengths intervention, positive psychology

Nelianne Devexhiu conducted this research as part of her Masters in Applied Positive Psychology and Coaching Psychology (MAPPCP) at the University of East London. She is a Social Worker employed as a Mental Health Practitioner by the NHS, Southampton.
Email: nelianne.devexhiu@gmail.com

Ayse Burcin Baskurt is with MAPPCP, School of Psychology, University of East London, Water Lane, London E15 4LZ, UK
Email: a.baskurt@uel.ec.uk